Digital Library materials are provided for educational and research purposes following fair use guidelines. Washington University may or may not own the copyright and therefore does not authorize or endorse the use of Digital Library materials for purposes that do not meet fair use guidelines. [Please visit When U.S. Works Pass into the Public Domain to help determine whether a work is in the public domain.]
Permission from the copyright owner is required for the reproduction, distribution or other use of protected items beyond that allowed by fair use or other statutory exemptions. The Digital Library staff may be able to help with identification of copyright owners, but it is ultimately the user's responsibility for identifying, contacting and obtaining rights from the copyright owners.
When using Digital Library material, we ask that you provide proper attribution for the source of all copies. Unless otherwise stated within the document, attribution should be made to: [Name of collection], Washington University in St. Louis, Digital Library.
Users who reproduce Digital Library material in a publication must follow the Washington University Digital LibraryPublication Policy.
Washington University Scholarly Communications Web site
Washington University Copyright Web site
U.S. Copyright Office's Statement on Fair Use
U.S. Copyright Office's Copyright Basics
U.S. Copyright Renewal Records Database
American Library Association's Copyright Advisory Network
Duke Law School's Center for the Study of the Public Domain & Comic Book on Public Domain and Fair Use
Stanford University Libraries - Copyright and Fair Use
University of Texas, Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center's WATCH: Writers, Artists, and their Copyright Holders
Documentary Filmmakers' Statement of Best Practices in Fair Use (pdf)
World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)
Digital Image Rights Computator (DIRC)